Cmd windows 10.4 Ways to Open Command Prompt in Windows 10

Cmd windows 10.4 Ways to Open Command Prompt in Windows 10

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window 10 · GitHub.10 Ways to Open the Command Prompt in Windows 10

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You can now double-click the shortcut to open Command Prompt. Deltree The deltree command is used to delete a directory and all the files and subdirectories within it. The mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router’s interfaces and neighbors. The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. Nltest The nltest command is used to test secure channels between Windows computers in a domain and between domain controllers that are trusting other domains. Keyb The keyb command is used to configure a keyboard for a specific language.
 
 

 

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To use the command, enable NFS services. You can also specify another DNS server. XP pathping Provides information on forwarding and package loss when sending over a network and also specifies the latency. The duration of the echo can also be specified. Ping signals can be sent continuously with -t. All Win qappsrv Displays all available remote computers in the network. The result displays the programs on the remote computer to use the command, NFS services on Windows have to be enabled first.

These are unique identifiers for services on a network that uses Kerberos authentication. The user can also actively control the remote computer. To use the command, the TFTP client first needs to be enabled in the system settings. All packages have a set time-to-live TTL , which is increased gradually with the command. All Win tscon Connects the current local user session with a session on a remote computer. If the target computer supports it, the entire computer can be turned off in this way.

XP umount Removes mounted network file system drives. To use the command, the NFS functions first have to be enabled in the system settings. Computers within a network are synchronized with one another through this command.

These are forwarded from remote event sources that support the WS management protocol. If you want to disable encryption, use -un. Related Products. View packages. Popular Articles WordPress blog themes Special WordPress blog themes let you create interesting and visually stunning online logs Instructions for disabling WordPress comments You can turn off comments for individual pages or posts or for your entire website.

Enter the web address of your choice in the search bar to check its availability. Calls a batch file within another batch file. Displays the current directory and lets you switch to other directories. Changes the current code page character set table or shows the page count of the current code page. Forwards the result of a command to the clipboard. For example, you can copy the directory structure dir.

Changes the background first value and text color second value of the command prompt. Displays the current date and allows you to change it. Starts debug, a program that can test and modify programs within the command prompt.

Displays all folders and files within the current directory. Creates macros, recalls commands, and edits command input. Opens the DOS shell, a graphical file management tool. Displays a message and is mainly used within scripts and batch files. Creates and edits text files within the command prompt.

Writes the position of a program into a specified list, which is in the working memory and should accelerate the start of programs. Searches through a file or multiple files for a particular character sequence. Finds character sequences in one or multiple files. Enables the option to use extended characters of a specific code page in graphics mode. Changes the country settings of the keyboard for DOS programs only included in Windows for compatibility reasons.

Logs the user out of Windows. Sends a file to a computer that uses a line printer daemon LPD. Creates a new directory on the specified path.

Outputs the content of a file for example, a text file by the page. Sends a message to another user. Provides country-specific information for language support. Runs backup services directly from the command line or as part of batch or script files.

Creates and displays the path for searching executable files. Pauses execution in batch files and scripts. Changes to the folder saved by the pushd command.

Prints a text file. Saves a specific path into a script or batch file. Deletes a directory. Allows a user to run commands with the rights of another user.

Starts Microsoft ScanDisk. Sets the execution of specified programs and commands for a specified point in time. Displays environmental variables of CMD. Lists out data from a file or command and outputs it again sorted — directly in the command prompt, in a new file, or in another output.

Opens a new command prompt window in which you can run a specific program or command. Assigns a drive letter to a path to create a virtual drive. Ends one or more running tasks. Lists all running processes — also on remote computers, if desired. Displays the current time and allows it to be changed. Stops a process for a specified time. Changes the title of the command prompt. Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

Sets the path in which files will be searched for. Changes attributes of specified files. Displays and changes the encryption status of files and directories on NTFS partitions. Compares the content of two files or two file sets.

Displays and changes the compression status of files and directories on NTFS partitions. Copies a file or multiple files to another location. Runs scripts over the Microsoft Script Host. Deletes a file or multiple files. Deletes a directory as well as all subdirectories and files within.

Compresses files without any loss command has the same function as makecab. Ends the valid range of changes to batch files or scripts.

Extracts files and folders stored in CAB files. Extracts files and folders stored in CAB files in new Windows versions use expand. Compares two individual files or two sets of files with one another and displays the differences. Sets a specific command that should be run for each individual file in a file set. Selects one or more files and runs a command that refers to these files.

Specifies a program for opening a specific file type. Skips the execution within a batch program to a specific line marker. Represents a conditional statement and executes expressions within batch files only under certain conditions. Compresses files without loss in CAB format you can also use the diantz command. Creates a symbolic link to a file.

Moves a file or multiple files from one directory to another. Displays and separates open system files and folders. Restores readable files that were on a defective data drive.

Changes the name of a particular file. Replaces the selected file or files with one or more other files. Allows so-called robust file copying. Manages media on removable storage devices. Limits the valid range of changes to batch files or scripts. Starts the WinSxs Tracing Utility, a tool for programming diagnostics. Restores administrator access rights to a file that have been lost when reassigning a user.

When enabled, checks whether files are written correctly on a data drive. Finds files that match a particular search topic. Copies files and entire directory structures. Starts commands and programs at a particular time. Creates backups of files. Allows users to make changes to start configuration data storage the command is a new version of bootcfq.

Prepares a hard drive for BitLocker Drive Encryption. Creates, edits, or displays the content of boot. Edits and displays the access control list. Changes or displays the data driver check at startup.

Changes the standard input and output for the system. Creates or configures compresses drives a newer version of the command is called drvspace. Defragments all or only specified drives. Manages, creates, and deletes partitions from the hard drive. Allows users to remotely control the disk performance counter.

Creates or configures compressed drives. Manages databases within the extensible storage engine. Creates an entry ID and message in an event log. Creates, deletes, and manages partitions on the hard drive. Allows users to manage and display filter drivers. Installs additional Windows features. Formats a drive to the file system specified by the user. Provides numerous features related to the file system, such as disk removal. Compiles self-created dictionaries for handwriting recognition.

Installs a compiled dictionary for handwriting recognition. Loads a program into the high memory area UMB — has the same function as loadhigh. Locks a drive so that only a user-selected program can access it directly.

Updates all registry entries that have to do with performance indicators. Creates and manages event trace sessions and performance logs.

Configures drive encryption with BitLocker. Displays information about the RAM and indicates which programs are currently loaded in it. Creates and deletes mount points for drives and displays them.

Starts Microsoft Backup replaces backup and restores. Starts the program Microsoft Diagnostics, with which system information can be displayed. Starts the Windows installer, with which Windows can be installed and configured. Starts an automatic setup process for the multilingual user interface MUI.

Installs the minimal operating system Microsoft Windows PE. Recognizes floating point division errors in Pentium chips, starts floating point emulation, and disables floating point hardware. Installs, uninstalls, and configures packages and functions for Windows. Installs plug-and-play devices from the command prompt. Uses the IDLE status of a processor to reduce energy consumption.

Provides information on the currently logged-in users. Configures the Windows recovery environment, with which you can repair the installation of the operating system. Creates a user-defined Windows image to restore the system.

Manages the registry of the command prompt. Registers a common information model provider CIM provider in Windows. Creates new performance indicator protocols from the data in the existing protocols. Repairs and decrypts defective drives that are encrypted with BitLocker. Resets a session. Restores backups that were created with the backup command replaced by msbackup.

Manages services by connecting to the Service Controller. Repairs the registry and allows a backup to be created of it. Analyzes the security settings by comparing the current configurations with templates.

Creates or changes environmental variable in the user of system environment. Checks all important and protected system files. Displays information about the Windows installation, including all installed service packages. Creates and deletes TPM virtual smart cards. Processes logs or real-time data generated during the tracing of computer programs. Displays performance counter data or writes it into a file. Undoes the drive formatting done by the format command.

Unlocks a drive that was locked with the lock command. Deletes names as well as descriptions for extensible performance counters in the Windows registry. Creates, deletes, and displays saved registration information. Manages the volume shadow copy services that can be used to store different versions snapshots of drives.

Creates backups of the operating system and delivers information to the created backup copies. Provides information about the current user. Manages WMI repositories.

Evaluates various system factors — for example, processor performance or graphical capabilities. Starts the Windows Management Instrumentation in the command prompt. Displays and edits entries in the Address Resolution Protocol cache. Displays information on asynchronous transfer mode ATM. Manages and creates certificate registration requirements for certification authorities. Manages services related to certificate authentication. Changes the settings of a terminal server and can be used together with the parameters logon, port, or user replaces the commands chglogon, chgport, and chgusr.

Checks the network capability of apps from the Windows Store. Enables, disables, or adjusts logins for terminal server sessions. Changes the installation mode of a terminal server. Installs or uninstalls profiles for the connection manager. Provides information about users on remote devices using the Finger service.

Displays the MAC address of all network adapters. Connects two computers via serial or parallel connection to share files or printers. Starts an interlnk server and transfers data from one computer to another via serial or parallel connection. Provides information on the IP of each used network adapter. The pwlauncher command is available in Windows 10 and 8. Qappsrv The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network.

The qbasic command is not installed by default with Windows 98 or 95 but is available from the installation disc or disks. Qprocess The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes. Query The query command is used to display the status of a specified service.

Quser The quser command is used to display information about users currently logged on to the system. Qwinsta The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions.

Rasdial The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client. Rcp The rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon. Rd The rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command. The rdpsign command is available in Windows 7. The reagentc command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7.

Recimg The recimg command is used to create a custom refresh image. The recimg command is available in Windows 8. Recover The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk. Reg The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys , exporting the registry , etc. Regini The regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line.

The register-cimprovider command is available in Windows 10 and Windows 8. Relog The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs. Rem The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file.

Ren The ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command. Rename The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify. Repair-bde The repair-bde command is used to repair or decrypt a damaged drive that’s been encrypted using BitLocker.

The repair-bde command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Replace The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files.

Reset The reset command, executed as reset session , is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values. Restore The restore command is used to restore files that were backed up using the backup command. Rexec The rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon. Rmdir The rmdir command is used to delete an existing or completely empty folder.

Robocopy The robocopy command is used to copy files and directories from one location to another. This command is also called Robust File Copy. The robocopy command is superior to both the copy command and the xcopy command because robocopy supports many more options.

Route The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables. The route command is available in all versions of Windows. The rpcinfo command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Rpcping The rpcping command is used to ping a server using RPC. Rsh The rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon.

Rsm The rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage. The rsm command was optional in Windows Vista and then removed in Windows 7 due to Removable Storage Manager being removed from the operating system. Runas The runas command is used to execute a program using another user’s credentials.

Rwinsta The rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command. Sc The sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager. Scandisk The scandisk command is used to start Microsoft ScanDisk, a disk repair program. The scandisk command was replaced by the chkdsk command beginning in Windows XP.

Scanreg The scanreg command starts Windows Registry Checker, a basic registry repair program and backup utility. The scanreg command is available in Windows 98 and Windows The functions provided by the scanreg command were no longer necessary beginning in Windows XP due to changes in how the Windows Registry functions. Schtasks The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run at certain times.

The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks. Secedit The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.

Setlocal The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file. The setspn command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. The setver command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Setx The setx command is used to create or change environment variables in the user environment or the system environment. Sfc The sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files.

The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker or Windows Resource Checker, depending on the operating system.

Shadow The shadow command is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session. The share command is not available in bit versions of Windows. Shift The shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file.

Showmount The showmount command is used to display information about NFS mounted file systems. The showmount command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista. Shutdown The shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart , or log off the current system or a remote computer. Caching is automatic beginning in Windows XP, making the smartdrv command unnecessary.

Sort The sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device. Start The start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window. The start command is available in all versions of Windows.

Subst The subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path. Sxstrace The sxstrace command is used to start the WinSxs Tracing Utility, a programming diagnostic tool.

The sys command is used most often to create a simple bootable disk or hard drive. The necessary system files for Windows are too large to fit on a disk, so the sys command was removed beginning in Windows XP. Systeminfo The systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer.

Takeown The takedown command is used to regain access to a file that that an administrator was denied access to when reassigning ownership of the file.

Taskkill The taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows. Telnet The telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol.

The telnet command is available in all versions of Windows. The telnet command is not available by default in Windows 10, 8, 7, or Vista, but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Client Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel. Time The time command is used to show or change the current time.

Timeout The timeout command is typically used in a batch or script file to provide a specified timeout value during a procedure. The timeout command can also be used to ignore keypresses. Title The title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title. Tlntadmn The tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server.

The tlntadmn command is not available by default in Windows 8, 7, or Vista, but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Server Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Tpmvscmgr The tpmvscmgr command is used to create and destroy TPM virtual smart cards. The tpmvscmgr command is available in Windows 8. Tracerpt The tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers. The tracert command is available in all versions of Windows.

Tree The tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path. Tscon The tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session. Tsdiscon The tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session. Tskill The tskill command is used to end the specified process. Tsshutdn The tsshutdn command is used to remotely shut down or restart a terminal server. The tsshutdn command is available in Windows XP.

The ability to shut down a computer remotely is also available in the more powerful shutdown command, so tsshutdn was removed beginning in Windows Vista. Type The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file. Typeperf The typerperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file.

Tzutil The tzutil command is used to display or configure the current system’s time zone. The tzutil command can also be used to enable or disable Daylight Saving Time adjustments. The tzutil command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. The umount command is available in Windows 7 and Windows Vista.

The undelete command was removed beginning in Windows 95 due to the availability of the Recycle Bin in Windows. Additionally, free file recovery programs are available from third-party software makers.

The unformat command was removed beginning in Windows 95 due to file system changes. Unlock The unlock command is used to unlock a drive, disabling direct disk access for a program. The unlock command is only available in Windows 98 and Unlodctr The unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry.

Vaultcmd The vaultcmd command is used to create, remove, and show stored credentials. The vaultcmd command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Vol The vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists. Microsoft provides an optional virus protection suite called Microsoft Security Essentials for Windows XP and later operating systems, and third-party antivirus tools are available for all versions of Windows.

Vssadmin The vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers. W32tm The w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time. Waitfor The waitfor command is used to send or wait for a signal on a system. Wbadmin The wbadmin command is used to start and stop backup jobs, display details about a previous backup, list the items within a backup, and report on the status of a currently running backup.

The wbadmin command replaced the ntbackup command beginning in Windows Vista. Wecutil The wecutil command is used to manage subscriptions to events that are forwarded from WS-Management supported computers.

Wevtutil The wevtutil command starts the Windows Events Command Line Utility which is used to manage event logs and publishers.

Where The where command is used to search for files that match a specified pattern. Whoami The whoami command is used to retrieve user name and group information on a network.

The winmgmt command is available in all versions of Windows. Winrm The winrm command is used to start the command line version of Windows Remote Management, used to manage secure communications with local and remote computers using web services. Winrs The winrs command is used to open a secure command window with a remote host. Winsat The winsat command starts the Windows System Assessment Tool, a program that assesses various features, attributes, and capabilities of a computer running Windows.

Xcopy The xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another. The xcopy command is generally considered a more “powerful” version of the copy command through the robocopy command trumps even xcopy. A command by the name of xcopy32 existed in Windows 95 and Windows To avoid a long and confusing explanation here, just know that no matter if you executed the xcopy command or the xcopy32 command, you were always executing the most updated version of the command.

The xwizard command is available in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7. Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know!

Email Address Sign up There was an error. Please try again. You’re in! Thanks for signing up. There was an error. Tell us why! More from Lifewire. The append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory. The arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache. The assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension.

The at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time. The atmadm command is used to display information related to asynchronous transfer mode ATM connections on the system. The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.

The auditpol command is used to display or change audit policies. The bcdboot command is used to copy boot files to the system partition and to create a new system BCD store. The bcdedit command is used to view or make changes to Boot Configuration Data. The bdehdcfg command is used to prepare a hard drive for BitLocker Drive Encryption. The bitsadmin command is used to create, manage, and monitor download and upload jobs.

The bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot. The cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. The call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program. The cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command. The certreq command is used to perform various certification authority CA certificate functions.

The certutil command is used to dump and display certification authority CA configuration information in addition to other CA functions. The change command changes various terminal server settings like install modes, COM port mappings, and logons. The chcp command displays or configures the active code page number. The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. The checknetisolation command is used to test apps that require network capabilities.

The chglogon command enables, disables, or drains terminal server session logins. The chgusr command is used to change the install mode for the terminal server.

The chkdsk command , often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors. The chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot process. The choice command is used within a script or batch program to provide a list of choices and return the value of that choice to the program.

The cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions. The clip command is used to redirect the output from any command to the clipboard in Windows. The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.

The cmd command starts a new instance of the cmd. The cmdkey command is used to show, create, and remove stored user names and passwords. The cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile.

The color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window. The command command starts a new instance of the command. The comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files. The compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions. The copy command does simply that — it copies one or more files from one location to another.

The cscript command is used to execute scripts via Microsoft Script Host. The ctty command is used to change the default input and output devices for the system.

The date command is used to show or change the current date. The dblspace command is used to create or configure DoubleSpace compressed drives. The debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs. The defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The del command is used to delete one or more files.

The deltree command is used to delete a directory and all the files and subdirectories within it. The diantz command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in.

The diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks. The diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another.

The diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions. The diskperf command is used to manage disk performance counters remotely. The dispdiag command is used to output a log of information about the display system.

The djoin command is used to create a new computer account in a domain. The doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands.

The driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers. The drvspace command is used to create or configure DriveSpace compressed drives. The echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The edlin command starts the Edlin tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line. The endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.

The erase command is used to delete one or more files. The esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases. The eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log. The eventtriggers command is used to configure and display event triggers.

The exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type executable file to a binary file. The exit command is used to end the cmd. The expand command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet CAB files. The extrac32 command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet CAB files.

The extract command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet CAB files. The fastopen command is used to add a program’s hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program’s launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive.

The fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them. The fdisk command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions. The find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files. The findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files. The finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that’s running the Finger service.

The fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, and otherwise manage Filter drivers. The fondue command, short for Features on Demand User Experience Tool, is used to install any of the several optional Windows features from the command line.

The for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The forfiles command selects one or more files to execute a specified command on. The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify.

The fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume, and extending a volume. The ftp command can be used to transfer files to and from another computer. The ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type. The getmac command is used to display the media access control MAC address of all the network controllers on a system.

The goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script. The gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings. The gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings. The graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.

The graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics. The hostname command displays the name of the current host. The hwrcomp command is used to compile custom dictionaries for handwriting recognition.

The hwrreg command is used to install a previously compiled custom dictionary for handwriting recognition. The icacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files.

The if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file. The interlnk command is used to connect two computers via a serial or parallel connection to share files and printers. The intersvr command is used to start the Interlnk server and to copy Interlnk files from one computer to another. The ipxroute command is used to display and change information about IPX routing tables. The irftp command is used to transmit files over an infrared link.

The kb16 command is used to support MS-DOS files that need to configure a keyboard for a specific language. The keyb command is used to configure a keyboard for a specific language. The klist command is used to list Kerberos service tickets. The ksetup command is used to configure connections to a Kerberos server. The ktmutil command starts the Kernel Transaction Manager utility. The label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk. The lh command is the shorthand version of the loadhigh command.

The licensingdiag command is a tool used to generate a text-based log and other data files that contain product activation and other Windows licensing information. The loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program. The loadhigh command is used to load a program into high memory and is usually used from within the autoexec. The lock command is used to lock a drive, enabling direct disk access for a program.

The lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters. The logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logoff command is used to terminate a session. The makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The manage-bde command is used to configure BitLocker Drive Encryption from the command line. The md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command. The mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem.

The memmaker command is used to start MemMaker, a memory optimization tool. The mkdir command is used to create a new folder. The mklink command is used to create a symbolic link. The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points. The move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another.

The mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router’s interfaces and neighbors. The msav command starts Microsoft Antivirus. The msbackup command starts Microsoft Backup, a tool used to back up and restore one or more files. The msd command starts Microsoft Diagnostics, a system information tool. The msg command is used to send a message to a user. The msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software.

The muiunattend command starts the Multilanguage User Interface unattended setup process. The net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The netcfg command is used to install the Windows Preinstallation Environment WinPE , a lightweight version of Windows used to deploy workstations.

The netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, computer. The netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports. The nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region. The nltest command is used to test secure channels between Windows computers in a domain and between domain controllers that are trusting other domains.

The nslookup is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. The ntbackup command is used to perform various backup functions from the Command Prompt or from within a batch or script file.

The ntsd command is used to perform certain command line debugging tasks. The ocsetup command starts the Windows Optional Component Setup tool, used to install additional Windows features. The openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system.

The path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files. The pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop. The pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. The pentnt command is used to detect floating point division errors in the Intel Pentium chip.

The pnpunattend command is used to automate the installation of hardware device drivers. The pnputil command is used to start the Microsoft PnP Utility, a tool used to install a Plug and Play device from the command line. The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The power command is used to reduce the power consumed by a computer by monitoring software and hardware devices.

The powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line. The print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device. The pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program.

The pwlauncher command is used to enable, disable, or show the status of your Windows To Go startup options. The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network. The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes. The query command is used to display the status of a specified service.

The quser command is used to display information about users currently logged on to the system. The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions.

The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client. The rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon. The rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command. The recimg command is used to create a custom refresh image. The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk.

The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line. The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs. The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file. The ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command.

The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify. The repair-bde command is used to repair or decrypt a damaged drive that’s been encrypted using BitLocker. The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files.

The reset command, executed as reset session , is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values. The restore command is used to restore files that were backed up using the backup command. The rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon. The rmdir command is used to delete an existing or completely empty folder.

The robocopy command is used to copy files and directories from one location to another. The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables. The rpcping command is used to ping a server using RPC.

The rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon. The rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage. The runas command is used to execute a program using another user’s credentials. The rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command.

The sc command is used to configure information about services. The scandisk command is used to start Microsoft ScanDisk, a disk repair program. The scanreg command starts Windows Registry Checker, a basic registry repair program and backup utility. The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run at certain times. The sdbinst command is used to deploy customized SDB database files.

The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.

The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.

 
 

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